There are naturally occurring calcium and magnesium salts that create water hardness. These salts are present in all water sources, although the concentrations vary widely.

Water becomes “harder” when the concentration of these salts increases. To produce a lather, soap and detergent react with the calcium and magnesium ions in hard water, creating an insoluble film that gives the water its name.

A hard water softener is a must-have at a hotel because this is an expensive problem for the housekeeping staff to deal with. While hard water makes washing more difficult and expensive, it also causes scale and limescale to develop when heated. The insoluble calcium and magnesium salts produce a rock-like deposit on the heat transfer surface when hard water is heated.

Removing hardness from the water is done with resin in commercial water softeners. The resin is used to treat industrial hard water, and it regularly regenerates salt (brine) to replace the hardness in the water. This procedure, known as ion exchange, cleans your water by removing minerals including manganese, iron, calcium, and magnesium ions. As a result of the softening, you’ll save money by using less detergent, having less hard water build-up, and not having to replace as much industrial equipment due to wear and tear.

The size of a commercial softener depends on two factors:

An industrial water softener system, relative to its capacity to exchange water between regenerations, is known as its exchange capacity. The amount of ion exchange resin in the softener, as well as the amount of salt used in the regeneration process, determine the maximum flow rate. In the event of a non-continuous water supply, it’s critical to record this information, which is expressed in gallons per minute (GPM)

Unwanted calcium, magnesium, and iron ions are exchanged for sodium ions during the industrial water softening process (i.e., salt). It does not affect the sodium ions already present in the softened water. The resin bed of the water softener is flushed once it becomes clogged with unwanted ions through a regeneration process. When the resin bed regenerates, the water softening process reverses and new sodium ions replace the old ones in the resin bed.

How do you soften water using a simplex softener?

There is only one vessel in a simplex water softener, and that vessel is filled with ion exchange resin. The water softener will enter regeneration mode after the ion exchange resins have run out. There will be no water going through the softener throughout the regeneration process.

For time-controlled water softeners, regeneration may be set for a period when there isn’t a lot of demand for water. For water-meter-controlled softeners, it’s harder to predict when the softener will regenerate, which can lead to problems.

If you need softened water all the time, a duplex water softener is the way to go. In a duplex water softener, ion exchange resin is contained in two vessels, the first of which regenerates the resin once it has been used up. This ensures that there is always soft water available for use. To maximize efficiency, duplex water softeners’ regeneration cycles are often initiated on a volume-controlled basis.