Pathology testing takes samples of a patient’s blood, stools, urine or other body tissues and examines them for infection or signs of future risks for disease. There are pathologists who are doctors that specialize in this field to provide an extensive report of the infection that the patient is suffering from.

When you visit the doctor because of a physical ailment, more often than not, they will order a pathology test to get a thorough idea of what is wrong with your body physiology. Naturopathic practitioners can carry out tests to check the status of your gut biome, hormonal levels, allergies, genetic conditions etc. Once the pathology tests are done, the doctor can interpret the report in order to correctly diagnose the patient. It is not just blood and stools that are used as samples for pathology tests. Tissue samples taken from biopsies are also examined. Most of the medical diagnoses depend on the findings of a pathology test.

Once the diagnosis is confirmed, further testing is done to make sure that the treatment and medications prescribed for your conditions are working effectively. A test can be an early warning system if you are responding negatively to the treatment. These tests will be done at regular intervals to constantly monitor your progress. Disease management is one of the main focuses of medicine and pathology tests are an invaluable tool for accurate management. The dosage of the medication will vary depending on the test results from the pathology lab. There are three specialization areas for a pathologist such as histopathology, cytology and autopsies.

Histopathology is where tissue samples are examined through different testing methods to correctly identify the health condition of a patient. For example, there are gut biome tests that can give you an accurate picture of your gut flora including the types and different strains that are in your intestine. Cytology is when the cells of a patient are examined through culture or cervical smears. Autopsies will give an indication of whether there is foul play in a suspicious death. There are also different zones or sections of pathology as well. Haematology is a field that is essential in the identification and management of conditions such as leukaemia. Chemical pathology is also called clinical biochemistry and it involved the analysis of biochemical samples in specialized laboratories. This is beneficial for the management of lifelong diseases such as diabetes and kidney disease. 

Histopathology is concerned with the examination of body tissue and how the conditions of patients progress. This is a field that is invaluable to doctors in the diagnosis of diseases. Immunology is the study of immunodeficiency and autoimmune disorders. It can be very hard to diagnose autoimmune disorders and they can go unnoticed for long. Special testing can help in the diagnosis and management of these conditions.  Microbiology is another specialization where pathologists can diagnose infectious diseases and continue accurate treatment. They can also advise on disease prevention as well. There is also functional pathology where the biochemical functioning of the body and the different organs are studied.